Please note any dog that have been skin/eye tacked must have The Kennel Club's permission to show as their natural comformation has been altered. The eye clause of the breed standard states:
"Function of eyeball or lid in no way disturbed by surrounding skin, folds or hair. Any sign of irritation of eye lid or ball highly undesirable. Free from entropion"
Any eye irritation whether it is caused by surgery or by extreme comformation, will cause suffering to dogs and it is our prime objective to prevent such and any suffering, and to breed away from such and any problems.
Shar Pei Eye Tacking & Entropion
Puppies open their eyes at about 10-14 days of age. In Shar-Pei, this is often when the first symptoms of entropion appear. Typically the puppies open their eyes, but quickly they begin squinting and closing them. Often there is a mucous eye discharge and these puppies usually don't eat well or gain weight like their littermates. EYE TACKING is a temporary measure in which sutures (stitches) are placed in the eye lids to roll the lids "out" of the eyeball. Often this can be done without anesthesia in very young puppies (2-4 weeks of age). Sometimes gas anesthesia is used. Nylon sutures are placed in the eyelids which opens the eyes. Often an antibiotic eye ointment is dispensed to help heal any corneal ulcers and prevent secondary bacterial infections. These sutures are left in place for as long as possible - up to 4 weeks in some cases. The tacks can be replaceed as needed until a permanent repair procedure can be done. If the sutures loosen up or are causing problems, they can be removed. Eye tacking can result in permanent repair of entropion, but its primary goal is to prevent serious eye damage until the pup is old enough to undergo permanent entropion repair - around 6-8 months of age. Puppies who have their eyes tacked may or may not need permanent entropion repair later on - there is not much correlation between the two.
Permanent ENTROPION SURGERY is often done in Shar-Pei after they reach the age of 12 months old. This is the age at which most pups are full grown and have "grown into" their heads. Permanent repair is a surgical procedure that will result in correction of the eyelid problem. Its success depends on the experience and artistry of the surgeon and often times referral to a veterinary ophthalmologist is recommended. The procedure involves various techniques to remove excessive eyelid tissue from the lids, tighten upthe eye opening and sometimes remove extra folds of skin around the eyes. Typically the dogs look worse for a few days after the surgery due to the swelling that occurs and they often sport an Elizabethan or "lampshade" collar to protect the sutures. Stitches are usually removed in 7-14 days.
It should be noted that CSP’s eyes can be very sensitive to allergies and can swell shut due to environmental allergens (dust, cigarette smoke), this can cause the appearance of entropion but doing the surgery will not solve the problem. Tracking down the offending allergen and removing it from the environment will correct the problem. Entropion can also be cause by stress – commonly referred to as "stress entropion" – this is again a temporary situation and once the dog is removed from the stressful situation, the eyes will recover. If their cornea gets a scratch, or if they bump their eye again the tissue surrounding the eye can swell, causing the eye to shut, tacking is advised for these situations, as it is a temporary problem.
Sharpei Ears and Pseudomonas Infection
Due to the breed standard calling for small ears, this results in the Shar-Pei having very narrow ear canals. frequent cleaning is often necessary to avoid problems. If ear irritation is noticed it may be necessary to commence a routine cleaning of, once every week or every two weeks depending on the individual dog, (Over-cleaning can also cause inflammation, so care is advised).
Use cotton swabs or make-up pads (cotton ones) with an ear solution such as Epiotic, from your vet. Do not use cotton buds as it may push the waxy build-up further down the ear canal. After you have cleaned the ears with Epiotic or similar, let them shake (this will throw loosened debris up the canal) and then clean the debris from under the ear flaps and round the canal entry. (never poke a cotton bud down into the ear canal, this is likely to cause pain and ear damage) Use a make-up pad to gently clean the ear area. ...
Also 'Atopic Dermatits' can affect the ear's....always consult a Vet...
The first signs of an ear infection that you will see is your dog scratching the affected ear and shaking its head. There may be a discharge and smell from the ear, as well as redness, swelling, crusting or pain in the affected ear.
Examination of the ear canal by a veterinary surgeon using an auroscope will confirm the diagnosis, sometimes a veterinary surgeon may need to flush the ear out under anaesthetic...
Sharpei Tight Lip Syndrome
This is where the excess flesh from the lower lip covers the teeth making it difficult for the Shar-Pei to chew. This excess flesh also traps food and is usually associated with an overbite. It is often necessary to clean inside the lower lip/gum.....
Familial Shar-Pei Fever / Amyloidosis / Swollen Hock Syndrome.
Familial Shar-Pei fever also known as "Swollen Hock Syndrome" (SHS) typically may include the following symptoms:
1. Swelling of the hock joint and sometimes other joints can be affected. 2. Reluctance to move. 3. Sometimes a swollen painful muzzle. 4. Abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhoea, and shallow breathing.
This is one of the worst conditions that any loving owner could experience, it is a genetic condition reputable breeders would not breed from known FSF carriers, know your pedigree's before breeding, research before buying a Shar-Pei, some breeders have been heard commenting "they all have it, so what does it matter"...it does matter, as all Pei's do not have it, anyone who tells you that, is making excuses for their own bad breeding practices...
"Familial Shar-Pei Fever (FSF) is an episodic fever disorder. Shar-Pei with this disorder have one or more bouts of unexplained fever, usually 103-107 degrees but rare cases may go higher. Fevers usually start when they are less then 18 months old but sometimes the first attack is not until they are adults.
Fever episodes usually become less frequent with age. Fevers last 24-36 hours in most cases without treatment. The disorder is thought to result from an inability to regulate the immune system.
Dogs suffering from this disorder are at risk of dying from a related disorder, Amyloidosis. affected Shar-Pei with Amyloidosis have an inability to break down chemicals released in the bloodstream when inflammation results from abnormal deposition of amyloid protein throughout the body.
While not all dogs with Shar-Pei fever die of Amyloidosis, when they do, death most commonly occurs between the ages of 3 and 5 years".
We are riding the wave of the current level of understanding of these autoinflammatory disorders. As researchers learn more, new areas of exploration evolve. Your support and cooperation is appreciated and necessary. What can breeders do now? Do not breed dogs with FSF or the offspring of dogs that have been diagnosed with amyloidosis after autopsy... Breed your healthy old dogs to healthy young bitches and vice versa; breed for longevity and good health. Don’t put the blinkers on… if it looks like an FSF episode, it probably is. Educate your puppy buyers about the disorder and ask them to call you if they experience any problems – what you don’t know will hurt you. Have routine blood chemistry tests and first morning urine sample urinalysis done on all Shar-Pei annually after 2 years of age and especially before any breeding to detect any latent kidney or liver problems.
Most Common Signs of Advanced Amyloidosis.
* Unexplained weight loss.
* Increased thirst and frequency of urination.
* "Bad Breath" as in a very distinctive 'Foul Smelling' smell as a result of uremia
(the buildup of toxins/wastes in the bloodstream as the kidney +/- liver fails to process them).
The Vast Majority of Familial Shar-Pei Fever (FSF) episodes seen in Shar-Pei run a fairly benign course, but there are occasional exceptions which can have life threatening consequences. If not recognised early, STSS can lead to death in 24 hours or less. A similar syndrome has been seen in human medicine, the so-called "flesh-eating bacteria".
Lot's of vets have never seen this condition, so do not know how to recognize it.
Sharpei Torsion Bloat
Bloat can kill in less than an hour, so time is of the essence.
please get your dog to a veterinarian immediately! ...
Being one of many deep chested breeds, bloat can occur in Shar-Pei. It can also be caused by the way you roll your dog during play, etc, bloat and torsion occur when the stomach swells with gas and then twists and cuts off its blood supply. Without rapid surgical intervention the condition is fatal. This is a very serious medical emergency situation and the dog must see a vet urgently...
Main article: Demodicosis
Also called demodicosis or Red Mange, demodectic mange is caused by a sensitivity to and overpopulation of Demodex canis if the animal's immune system is unable to keep the mites under control. There are two types of demodectic mange: localized and generalized. Localized consists of 4 spots or less. Most dogs are immune to demodectic mange, however dogs with compromised immune systems and the elderly are at a higher risk. It is not contagious to humans. ALl dogs carry mites , demodex might be triggered by jabs , stress and anything that weakens immune system
Aludex dips , prescribed by vets only.
Fungal Skin Infections (Ringworm)
The fungal skin infections of dogs are caused primarily be two species of fungi: Microsporum and Trichophyton. The skin diseases resulting from these fungi are commonly called ‘ringworm.’
Ringworm is seen most commonly in young dogs. The fungi live in dead skin tissues, hairs and nails. Hair loss, usually in circular patches, may appear. If infected, the center of the patches may have a dry, crusty appearance. The head and legs are most commonly affected by ringworm, although the disease may spread over other parts of the dog’s body if not treated. Dogs may scratch the lesions.
The appearance of the lesions, the history of their development and the age of the dog are all helpful in diagnosing ringworm. A Wood’s Lamp Test (ultraviolet light) can be used to help diagnose the Microsporum species only. A definite diagnosis can be obtained through a fungal culture -- grow the fungi found on the affected hairs.
The hair around the lesions is clipped, and the BEST treatment is bleach, applied on each patch 50% water and 50% bleach, it can cure ringwormin a week.
Public Health Aspects of Ringworm
Ringworm is contagious to humans, particularly to children and to other household pets. Infected dogs should be kept away from children and other dogs and cats until the infection is cures -- which can be as long as 2-3 months or more after the treatment begins. Adults should be careful to wash their hands thoroughly after handling an infected dog. If treated early, ringworm is readily controlled in humans. Other household pets should also be examined for ringworm.
BACTERIAL SKIN INFECTIONS (PYODERMAS)
Staphylococci ‘Staph bacteria’ are the most common organisms found in bacterial skin diseases (pyoderma's) in dogs. Fortunately, these bacteria (S. intermedius) are not contagious to humans or other pets.
Commonly itchy, yellow pustules are often observed early in the disease, and the dog’s skin can be reddened and ulcerated. Dry, crusted areas appear as the condition advances, along with loss of hair in the affected areas (lesions) and an odour.
All areas of a dog’s body may be involved, but most cases are confined to the trunk. The chin is one area commonly affected. Called chin acne, this condition is actually a deep bacterial infection. Obese dogs and dogs of the pug-nosed breeds are frequently affected by pyoderma in the skin folds on their face, lips and vulva.
Other areas where pyoderma may occur include between the toes and on the calluses of the elbows that mostly affects the abdominal area in young puppies.
This is usually made from the case history and appearance and location of the lesions. In some cases, it may be necessary to culture the skin (grow the bacteria) and conduct sensitivity tests to determine which antibiotic will be effective in treatment. Most bacterial skin infections in dogs are secondary to another disease such as parasitism, allergies, endocrine (hormonal) disorders or abnormalities in the immune system. Therefore, in recurrent cases, it is important to search for underlying causes. It may be necessary to do blood tests, allergy tests or skin biopsies to achieve a complete diagnosis.
Initial treatments may entail removal of the hair in and around the lesions, washing of the whole dog with antibiotic shampoos such as benzoyl peroxide, careful drying and the application of an antibiotic ointment to local lesions, in most cases, antibiotics will also be administered orally for 3-4 weeks. Bandages or a protective collar which prevents the dog from mutilating the lesions may be applied.
Some pyoderma involving skin folds can require corrective surgery. In recurrent cases where testing reveals no definable underlying cause, special staphylococcal vaccines as an alternative to long-term antibiotic treatment can be tried.
It may be necessary to continue treatments such as antiseptic shampooing, antibiotic ointment applications and giving antibiotics orally at home. While most cases respond to treatment, recurrences of pyoderma are common, particularly if treatment recommendations and follow-up visits to your veterinarian are neglected. Glucocorticoid steroids cannot be administered.
Yeast is very common within the breed and it can be triggered by the use of antibiotics,combo jabs and mainly by food. It will look like bald redish patches and the coat will thin out.
Treatment- The only treatment that i know works for yeast is Ketoconazole pills. and the diet to be changed to a wheat and grain free diet.informative.
Puppy Mange/Demodex Mange
Aludex dips, only available through vets.
Also Goodwinol Ointment is excellent,you can buy it online as it is only sold in the US